Zoonosis (Disease Transmitted from Animals to Humans)

Zoonosis, from Greek: ‘zoon "animal" and ‘nosos "sickness") are a group of infectious diseases of animals (usually vertebrates) that can be transmitted to humans naturally. Several emerging modern fatal diseases such as Ebola virus disease, salmonellosis and influenza are zoonosis. It can be caused by different kind of pathogens such as viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites. It has different modes of transmission. Either the disease is directly transmitted from animals to humans or transmitted through media such as air (influenza) or through bites and saliva (rabies). When humans infect animals, it is called reverse zoonosis or anthroponosis.

  • Insect-borne diseases
  • Arthropod-borne viral fevers
  • Zoonotic bacterial diseases
  • Parasitic diseases associated with beef and pork consumption
  • Zoophilia
  • Xenotransplantation

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