Immune Defense against Inflammatory Pathogens: Innate and Adaptive Immunity

The healthy animal defends itself against pathogens at different stages of infection. The host defense mechanisms are mediated by the immune system. The innate or nonspecific immune system and the adaptive, acquired or specific immune system are the two major subdivision of immune system. The innate immune system is a primary defense mechanism against invading organisms, while the adaptive immune system acts as a second line of defense

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